Incontinence is not a disease. It is a symptom of pelvic floor and/or bladder dysfunction. The root of this dysfunction may be poor muscle strength or endurance of the pelvic floor. It may also be altered or blocked transmission of the nerves that communicate with the bladder or pelvic floor muscles.
There are many risk factors that can cause the altered nerve communication or poor pelvic floor muscle function. They include: smoking, obesity, pregnancy and childbirth, pelvic/abdominal surgery, neurogenic disease, chronic cough, repetitive heavy lifting, hormone changes, and more.
Researchers continue to discover new risk factors as they study incontinence and prolapse symptoms. A recent study on vitamin D deficiency showed a relationship between low vitamin D levels and pelvic floor muscle weakness. You can read more details on this study and the recommended levels of vitamin D we should all strive for at http://search.modernmedicine.com/search?qgeneral=vitamin+D+and+pelvic+floor&searchtype=defLink
This is one study and I am not one to jump on every new piece of research and take it for fact. Certainly, there needs to be a follow up, but doesn’t it make you wonder what your Vitamin D levels are?